WellMa1 Operation and Maintenance of Drinking Water Wells

Project title

Operation and maintenance of drinking water wells to optimise performance and water quality – Phase 1

Project initiator

KWB with contracts to: Free University of Berlin, Section Hydrogeology; Technical University of Berlin, Section Environmental Mikrobiology; Pigadi GmbH; Environmental technology Dr. Bartetzko GmbH; Kiwa Water research

Project volume

521.505 €

Project start



14 months


The capacity of drinking water wells, that is the yield for a given drawdown, is often decreasing after a certain time of operation. This effect is called well ageing and is due to different processes related to the geology and hydrochemistry at any given well site and to the construction and operation of these wells.

To avoid impacts on water quantity and quality, operation and maintenance must be planned individually to schedule maintenance intervals and choose the most reliable methods with regard to (i) given conditions, (ii) well performance and (iii) cost effectiveness of the chosen methods.

Within the proposed first phase of the project, the current state of the art concerning well management is evaluated. Four work packages are defined: 1) on diagnosis of well ageing and distinction of the different clogging types, 2) on maintenance planning and maintenance methods, 3) on prevention and preservation of well performance and 4) on the impacts of well construction and operation on the water quality.  

This first part of the project will serve to establish the basis for extensive field investigations and experiments to be carried out at selected wells. 



Dr. Hella Schwarzmüller (KWB)

Elke Wittstock (BWB)


Financial support: