@Article{RN289, Author = {Kohfahl, C. and Massmann, G. and Pekdeger, A.}, Journal = {Hydrogeology Journal}, Number = {3}, Pages = {571-578}, Title = {Sources of oxygen flux in groundwater during induced bank filtration at a site in Berlin, Germany}, Volume = {17}, Year = {2009}, Abstract = {The microbial degradation of pharmaceuticals found in surface water used for artificial recharge is strongly dependent on redox conditions of the subsurface. Furthermore the durability of production wells may decrease considerably with the presence of oxygen and ferrous iron due to the precipitation of trivalent iron oxides and subsequent clogging. Field measurements are presented for oxygen at a bank filtration site in Berlin, Germany, along with simplified calculations of different oxygen pathways into the groundwater. For a twodimensional vertical cross-section, oxygen input has been calculated for six scenarios related to different water management strategies. Calculations were carried out in order to assess the amount of oxygen input due to (1) the infiltration of oxic lake water, (2) air entrapment as a result of water table oscillations, (3) diffusive oxygen flux from soil air and (4) infiltrating rainwater. The results show that air entrapment and infiltrating lake water during winter constitute by far the most important mechanism of oxygen input. Oxygen input by percolating rainwater and by diffusive delivery of oxygen in the gas phase is negligible. The results exemplify the importance of well management as a determining factor for water oscillations and redox conditions during artificial recharge.}, Project = {nasri}, En_type = {Journal Article}, Access = {public}, Doi = {10.1007/s10040-008-0389-8}, en_id = {289} }